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2016
Pe'eri, S., Brian Madore, Lee Alexander, Christopher E Parrish, Anthony Klemm, Andrew A Armstrong, Chukwuma Azuike, and Eunice Tetteh. 2016. Satellite-Derived Bathymetry. In The Iho-Ioc Gebco Cook Book (Iho Publication B-11 And Ioc Manuals And Guides, 63), 11.1.16th ed., 346-422. The Iho-Ioc Gebco Cook Book (Iho Publication B-11 And Ioc Manuals And Guides, 63). Monaco, Monaco Cedex, Monaco: International Hydrographic Office (IHO)/ International Ocean Commision (IOC).
Freire, Ricardo, S. Pe'eri, Lee Alexander, Yuri Rzhanov, Christopher E Parrish, and Thomas C Lippmann. 2016. Use Of Satellite Imagery For Monitoring The Mouths Of Dynamic Rivers. 2016 Canadian Hydrographic Conference. 2016 Canadian Hydrographic Conference. Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
2015
Alexander, Lee, and C McLeay. 2015. S-100 Overlays: A Brave New World?. Us Hydrographic Conference 2015. Us Hydrographic Conference 2015. National Harbor, MD: The Hydrographic Society of America. http://www.hypack.com/ushydro/2015/.
2013
Pe'eri, S., Christopher E Parrish, Lee Alexander, Chukwuma Azuike, Andrew A Armstrong, and Maryellen Sault. 2013. Future Directions In Hydrography Using Satellite-Derived Bathymetry. Us Hydrographic Conference 2013. Us Hydrographic Conference 2013. New Orleans, LA, USA: THSOA.
Pe'eri, S., Brian Madore, Lee Alexander, Christopher E Parrish, Andrew A Armstrong, and Chukwuma Azuike. 2013. Landsat 7 Satellite-Derived Bathymetry. In The Iho-Ioc Gebco Cook Book, 2.25.13nd ed. Vol. IHO Publication B-11 and IOC Manuals and Guides, 63. The Iho-Ioc Gebco Cook Book. Monaco, Monaco Cedex, Monaco: International Hydrographic Office (IHO)/ International Ocean Commision (IOC).
Pe'eri, S., Christopher E Parrish, Lee Alexander, and Andrew A Armstrong. 2013. Satellite-Derived Bathymetry: A Reconnaissance Tool For Hydrography. Jalbtcx 14Th Annual Workshop. Jalbtcx 14Th Annual Workshop. Mobile, AL.
Fadahunsi, Olumide, S. Pe'eri, Christopher E Parrish, Andrew A Armstrong, and Lee Alexander. 2013. Spectral Characterization Of The Nigerian Shoreline Using Landsat Imagery. Us Hydrographic Conference 2013. Us Hydrographic Conference 2013. New Orleans, LA, USA: THSOA.
2012
Masetti, Giuseppe, Brian R Calder, and Lee Alexander. 2012. Developing A Gis-Database And Risk Index For Potentially Polluting Marine Sites. 2012 Canadian Hydrographic Conference. 2012 Canadian Hydrographic Conference. Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada. www.chc2012.ca.
PDF icon Masetti-et-al_Developing a GIS-Database and Risk Index for PPMSs_2012.pdf (808.98 KB)
Fadahunsi, Olumide, S. Pe'eri, Lee Alexander, and Christopher E Parrish. 2012. Develping A Methodology For The Mapping And Characterization Of The Nigerian Coastline Using Remote Sensing. 2012 Canadian Hydrographic Conference. 2012 Canadian Hydrographic Conference. Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada. www.chc2012.ca.
Ringuette, G, S Pelletier, DA Dagenais, and Lee Alexander. 2012. E-Navigation On The St. Lawrence River In Canada: Past, Present And Future. E-Navigation Underway 2012. E-Navigation Underway 2012. Copenhagen, Denmark. www.e-navigation.net.
Alexander, Lee, and M J Casey. 2012. Portable Piloting Unit (Ppu) Replacement Study: Phase 2. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Laurentian Pilotage Authority.
Alexander, Lee, and J Fukuto. 2012. Portraying E-Navigation Information: Challenges And Opportunities. E-Navigation Underway 2012. E-Navigation Underway 2012. Copenhagen, Denmark. www.e-navigation.net.
PDF icon PPMS_GeoDB_IHR_2012.pdf (1.41 MB)
Alexander, Lee. 2012. Usace Inland Enc Manual. 1stst ed. Fort Belvior, Alexandria, VA: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers - Army Geo-spatial Center.
2011
Alexander, Lee. 2011. E-Navigation And Pilotage: Challenges And Opportunities. 2011 Canadian Maritime Pilots Association Congress. 2011 Canadian Maritime Pilots Association Congress. Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Alexander, Lee. 2011. Iala’S Vision Of E-Navigation. 2011 Canadian Maritime Pilots Association Congress. 2011 Canadian Maritime Pilots Association Congress. Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Burns, W, G Johnson, I Gonin, and Lee Alexander. 2011. Testing Of Ais Application-Specific Messages To Improve Us Coast Guard Vts Operations. E-Navigation Underway Conference. E-Navigation Underway Conference. Copenhagen, Denmark.
2010
Alexander, Lee. 2010. Ecdis And Its Role In E-Navigation: The Promise And Reality. Enavigation Conference. Enavigation Conference. Seattle, WA, USA.
Alexander, Lee. 2010. Maritime Information Systems As A Component Of E-Navigation .. The Radio Technical Commission For Maritime Services (Rtcm). The Radio Technical Commission For Maritime Services (Rtcm). San Diego, CA, USA.
Hecht, H, B Berking, M Jonas, and Lee Alexander. 2010. The Electronic Chart: Functions, Potential And Limitations Of A New Navigation System. 3rd ed. Lemmers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: GeoMares Publishing.
Alexander, Lee, and M Bergmann. 2010. Maritime Information Systems As A Component Of E-Navigation. International Association Of Aids To Navigation And Lighthouse Authorities (Iala-Aism). International Association Of Aids To Navigation And Lighthouse Authorities (Iala-Aism). Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa.
Alexander, Lee, and Robert Ward. 2010. Hydrographic Products/services As A Fundamental Component Of The E-Navigation Concept Of Operation. Canadian Hydrographic Conference (Chc). Canadian Hydrographic Conference (Chc). Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.
Alexander, Lee, Kurt Schwehr, and R Zetterberg. 2010. Establishing A Regional Ais Application Specific Message Register. International Association Of Aids To Navigation And Lighthouse Authorities (Iala-Aism). International Association Of Aids To Navigation And Lighthouse Authorities (Iala-Aism). Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa.
Alexander, Lee. 2010. Results From Canadian User Needs Survey. Canadian Coast Guard and Ministry of Transport.
Alexander, Lee, and Kurt Schwehr. 2010. Establishing An Iala Ais Binary Message Register: Recommended Process. International Association Of Aids To Navigation And Lighthouse Authorities (Iala-Aism). International Association Of Aids To Navigation And Lighthouse Authorities (Iala-Aism). Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa.
Alexander, Lee, and Robert Ward. 2010. Production And Use Of Nautical Charts. T-Kartor And Erdas Nordic User Conference. T-Kartor And Erdas Nordic User Conference. Ahus, Skane, Sweden.
Alexander, Lee, and Kurt Schwehr. 2010. New Standards For Providing Meteorological And Hydrographic Information Via Ais Application-Specific Messages. International Hydrographic Review. International Hydrographic Review. Lemmers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Geomatics Information & Trading Center - GITC.
2009
Alexander, Lee. 2009. E-Navigation: Challenges And Opportunities. U.s. Hydrographic Conference (Us Hydro). U.s. Hydrographic Conference (Us Hydro). Norfolk, VA, USA.
Schwehr, Kurt, and Lee Alexander. 2009. Right Whale Ais Project (Rap): Acoustic Detections In The Boston Approaches. Inland Navigation Technology. Inland Navigation Technology. Vicksburg, MS, USA.
Alexander, Lee. 2009. E-Navigation: Concept And Reality. Sea Technology. Sea Technology. Deer Isle, ME, USA: Compass Publications Inc.
Alexander, Lee, and Kurt Schwehr. 2009. Concept: Iala Ais Binary Messages Web Site For Message Catalog And Register. International Association Of Aids To Navigation And Lighthouse Authorities (Iala-Aism). International Association Of Aids To Navigation And Lighthouse Authorities (Iala-Aism). Key West, FL, USA.
Alexander, Lee. 2009. Port Ecdis. Evaluation Report For Efforts Project Work Package 1.3. EC Contract No FP6-031486: ISSUS/Hamberg Port Authority.
Alexander, Lee, and Dieter Seefeldt. 2009. Development Of Port Enc Standard. Smart Rivers '21. Smart Rivers '21. Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
Ward, R W, Lee Alexander, and B Greenslade. 2009. The New Iho Hydrographic Geospatial Standard For Marine Data And Information. International Hydrographic Review. International Hydrographic Review. Lemmers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Geomatics Information & Trading Center - GITC.
Alexander, Lee. 2009. E-Navigation And Electronic Charting: Implications For Hydrographic Community. U.s. Hydrographic Conference (Us Hydro). U.s. Hydrographic Conference (Us Hydro). Norfolk, VA, USA.
Alexander, Lee. 2009. E-Navigation: Challenges And Opportunities.. Inland Navigation Technology. Inland Navigation Technology. Vicksburg, MS, USA.
Alexander, Lee. 2009. Inland Navigation Technology '09 - Digital Technology Impact On Safety And Efficiency. Coastal and Hydrologic Laboratory: U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center.
Hecht, H, B Berking, M Jonas, and Lee Alexander. 2009. The Electronic Chart: Functions, Potential And Limitations Of A New Navigation System. 3rd ed. Lemmers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: GeoMares Publishing.
PDF icon Plumlee_09_Oceans_GeoCoastPilot_a_better_way_of_organizing_info_support_port_familiarization.pdf (1.75 MB)
2008
Alexander, Lee. 2008. Mios: The What, Why, And How: Seaways. Acm Computing Surveys. Acm Computing Surveys. New York, NY, USA: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).
Alexander, Lee, and M J Casey. 2008. Use Of Portable Piloting By Maritime Pilots. Canadian Hydrographic Conference (Chc). Canadian Hydrographic Conference (Chc). Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.
Alexander, Lee. 2008. Use Of Portable Piloting Units (Ppus) By Maritime Pilots: Study Findings And Implications. American Pilot's Association Biennial Convention. American Pilot's Association Biennial Convention. Kauai, HI, USA.
Alexander, Lee. 2008. Portable Piloting Units (Ppus): Current Use, Future Trends. The Radio Technical Commission For Maritime Services (Rtcm). The Radio Technical Commission For Maritime Services (Rtcm). San Diego, CA, USA.
Alexander, Lee, and M J Casey. 2008. The Use Of Portable Piloting Units. Digital Ship. Digital Ship. London, London, UK: Digital Ship Ltd.
Alexander, Lee. 2008. E-Navigation, Ecdis And Ppus: Challenges And Opportunities. Impa Congress. Impa Congress. Bangkok, Bangkok, Thailand.
Alexander, Lee. 2008. E-Navigation, Ecdis And Mios: At Present And In The Future. Enavigation Conference. Enavigation Conference. Seattle, WA, USA.
Ward, R W, Lee Alexander, B Greenslade, and A Pharaoh. 2008. Iho S-100: The New Hydrographic Geospatial Standard For Marine Data And Information. Canadian Hydrographic Conference (Chc). Canadian Hydrographic Conference (Chc). Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.
PDF icon Alexander_2008_CHC_IHO_S-100.pdf (1.29 MB)
Alexander, Lee, and C McLean. 2008. Production Of Marine Information Overlays (Mios) For Marine Environmental Protectoin. Global Ecology And Oceanography Of Harmful Algal Blooms. Global Ecology And Oceanography Of Harmful Algal Blooms. Sitka, AK, USA.
Office presentation icon Alexander_2008_GEOHAB_MIOs.ppt (4.04 MB)
Alexander, Lee. 2008. Use Of Portable Piloting Units By Maritime Pilots. Canadian Maritime Pilots Association. Canadian Maritime Pilots Association. Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
PDF icon Alexander_2008_CHC_Use_Of_Piloting_Units_By_Pilots.pdf (226.06 KB)
2007
Alexander, Lee. 2007. Electronic Navigational Charts And Marine Information Objects For Navigation Safety And Marine Environmental Protection. Commission On Hydrography Conference (Chc). Commission On Hydrography Conference (Chc). Veracruz, Veracruz, Mexico.
Alexander, Lee, and M Huet. 2007. Relationship Of Marine Information Overlays (Mios) To Current/future Iho Standards. International Hydrographic Review. International Hydrographic Review. Lemmers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Geomatics Information & Trading Center - GITC.
Alexander, Lee. 2007. Status Report On International Inland Enc Developmnet And Standardization. The Radio Technical Commission For Maritime Services (Rtcm). The Radio Technical Commission For Maritime Services (Rtcm). St. Petersburg Beach, FL, USA.
Hecht, H, A Kampfer, and Lee Alexander. 2007. The Wend Concept For Worldwide Enc Database - Past Or Future: A Review Of Progress And A Look To The Future. International Hydrographic Review. International Hydrographic Review. Lemmers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Geomatics Information & Trading Center - GITC.
Brennan, Rick T, B Gallagher, Jack Riley, Kurt Schwehr, and Lee Alexander. 2007. Tide Aware Enc: Demonstration Of An Operational Concept. U.s. Hydrographic Conference (Us Hydro). U.s. Hydrographic Conference (Us Hydro). Norfolk, VA, USA.
Schwehr, Kurt, and Lee Alexander. 2007. Encoding Ais Binary Messages In Xml Format For Providing Hydrographic-Related Information. International Hydrographic Review. International Hydrographic Review. Lemmers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Geomatics Information & Trading Center - GITC.
Niles, A, L Birklhuber, Lee Alexander, P Kluytenaar, and V Sekachev. 2007. European North American-Russian Federation Inland Enc Harmonization Group. U.s. Hydrographic Conference (Us Hydro). U.s. Hydrographic Conference (Us Hydro). Norfolk, VA, USA.
Schwehr, Kurt, and Lee Alexander. 2007. Specification Format For Ais Binary Messages For Providing Hydrographic-Related Information. U.s. Hydrographic Conference (Us Hydro). U.s. Hydrographic Conference (Us Hydro). Norfolk, VA, USA.
Alexander, Lee, M Brown, B Greenslade, and A Pharaoh. 2007. Development Of Iho S-100: The New Iho Geospatial Standard For Hydrographic Data. International Hydrographic Review. International Hydrographic Review. Lemmers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Geomatics Information & Trading Center - GITC.
Schwehr, Kurt, and Lee Alexander. 2007. Proposed Ais Binary Message Format Using Xml For Providing Hydrographic-Related Information. U.s. Hydrographic Conference (Us Hydro). U.s. Hydrographic Conference (Us Hydro). Norfolk, VA, USA.
Schwehr, Kurt, and Lee Alexander. 2007. Ais Binary Message Format Using Xml To Provide Hydrographic-Related Information. U.s. Hydrographic Conference (Us Hydro). U.s. Hydrographic Conference (Us Hydro). Norfolk, VA: The Hydrographic Society of America.
Image icon Schwehr_07_USHYDRO_AIS_binary_format_using_xml_for_hydrographic_info.jpg (481.49 KB)
2006
Alexander, Lee. 2006. Proposed Test Bed Project On Production Of Large-Scale Encs In The Machc Region. Center for Coastal and Ocean Mapping (CCOM)/Joint Hydrographic Center (JHC): University of New Hampshire (UNH).
Dias, G, DF Coleman, A El-Rabbany, B Agi, and Lee Alexander. 2006. A Process For Producing Ice Coverage Marine Information Objects (Mios) In Iho S-57 Format. International Hydrographic Review. International Hydrographic Review. Lemmers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Geomatics Information & Trading Center - GITC.
Alexander, Lee, D Roman, and M J Casey. 2006. Comparative Evaluation Of Official Electronic Chart Data In U.s. Waters. Canadian Hydrographic Conference (Chc). Canadian Hydrographic Conference (Chc). Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Alexander, Lee. 2006. Recommendation For Involving The Private Sector In Producing Small-Scale Encs From Int Charts. Center for Coastal and Ocean Mapping (CCOM)/Joint Hydrographic Center (JHC): University of New Hampshire (UNH).
Hecht, H, B Berking, G Buttgenbach, M Jonas, and Lee Alexander. 2006. The Electronic Chart. Functions, Potential And Limitations Of A New Navigation System. The Electronic Chart: A Revolution In Marine Navigation. The Electronic Chart: A Revolution In Marine Navigation. Lemmers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Geomatics Information & Trading Center - GITC.
Alexander, Lee. 2006. Electronic Charts: A Real-Time Gis For Vessel Navigation. Gis Professional. Gis Professional. PV Publications Ltd.
2005
Alexander, Lee, and K L Ries. 2005. Coral Reef Electronic Chart Initiative, Protecting Corals, Saving Ships. U.s. Hydrographic Conference (Us Hydro). U.s. Hydrographic Conference (Us Hydro). San Diego, CA, USA.
Alexander, Lee. 2005. North American European Inland Enc Harmonization Group: Building On Iho S-57 For An International Brownwater Standard. The Radio Technical Commission For Maritime Services (Rtcm). The Radio Technical Commission For Maritime Services (Rtcm). St. Andrews, New Brunswick, Canada.
Alexander, Lee, M Brown, B Greenslade, and A Pharaoh. 2005. Future Edition Of Iho S-57 (4.0). International Hydrographic Review. International Hydrographic Review. Lemmers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Geomatics Information & Trading Center - GITC.
Alexander, Lee, M Brown, and B Greenslade. 2005. Next Edition Of Iho S-57 (Edition 4): Much More Than Encs. U.s. Hydrographic Conference (Us Hydro). U.s. Hydrographic Conference (Us Hydro). San Diego, CA, USA.
Alexander, Lee. 2005. Inland Enc Encoding Guide. Center for Coastal and Ocean Mapping (CCOM)/Joint Hydrographic Center (JHC): University of New Hampshire (UNH).
2004
Lanziner, H H, Lee Alexander, G Ringuette, and A D Virnot. 2004. Automatic Radar Positioning As A Backup To Dgps. The Radio Technical Commission For Maritime Services (Rtcm). The Radio Technical Commission For Maritime Services (Rtcm). St. Andrews, New Brunswick, Canada.
Motz, F, H Widdel, P Oei, S Mackinnon, A Patterson, M Baldauf, and Lee Alexander. 2004. Investigations For Ergonomic Design Of Ais Symbols For Ecdis. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers / Topographic Engineering Center (TEC): U.S. Army.
Motz, F, H Widdel, P Oei, S Mackinnon, A Patterson, and Lee Alexander. 2004. Investigations For Ergonomic Presentation Of Ais Symbols For Ecdis. International Hydrographic Review. International Hydrographic Review. Lemmers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Geomatics Information & Trading Center - GITC.
Alexander, Lee, J F Ryan, and M J Casey. 2004. Integrated Navigation System: Not A Sum Of Its Parts. Canadian Hydrographic Conference (Chc). Canadian Hydrographic Conference (Chc). St. Andrews, New Brunswick, Canada.
Alexander, Lee. 2004. Inland Ecdis Development And Standardization. CHRIS: International Hydrographic Office (IHO).
Alexander, Lee. 2004. Revival Of Ecdis?. Hydro International. Hydro International. Lemmers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Geomatics Information & Trading Center - GITC.
Lanziner, H H, and Lee Alexander. 2004. Inland Ecs: More Than Just Ecdis In Montreal Canada. The Radio Technical Commission For Maritime Services (Rtcm). The Radio Technical Commission For Maritime Services (Rtcm). St. Andrews, New Brunswick, Canada.
Alexander, Lee. 2004. Open Ecdis Forum (Oef) Activities. CHRIS: International Hydrographic Office (IHO).
Hare, R, Brian R Calder, Lee Alexander, and S Sebastian. 2004. Multibeam Error Management: New Data Processing Trends In Hydrography. Hydro International. Hydro International. Lemmers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Geomatics Information & Trading Center - GITC.
Alexander, Lee. 2004. The Next Edition Of Iho-S-57 (4.0). International Hydrographic Bureau.
2003
Smith, D H, and Lee Alexander. 2003. Joint Usm-Navoceano Ecdis Laboratory. International Ecdis Conference. International Ecdis Conference. Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.
Alexander, Lee, Rick T Brennan, and Friedhelm Moggert. 2003. Converting High-Density Bathymetry Into The 'next Generation' Enc. Shallow Water Survey Conference (Sws). Shallow Water Survey Conference (Sws). St. Andrews, New Brunswick, Canada.
Smith, D H, Lee Alexander, and M F Van Norden. 2003. A World Class Ecdis Laboratory. Hydro International. Hydro International. Lemmers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Geomatics Information & Trading Center - GITC.
Brennan, Rick T, Colin Ware, Lee Alexander, Andrew A Armstrong, Larry A Mayer, Lloyd C Huff, Brian R Calder, et al.. 2003. Electronic Chart Of The Future: The Hampton Roads Project. U.s. Hydrographic Conference (Us Hydro). U.s. Hydrographic Conference (Us Hydro). Biloxi, MS, USA.
Alexander, Lee, and M J Casey. 2003. The Rise And Stall Of Ecdis: Where Are We Heading?. International Ecdis Conference. International Ecdis Conference. Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.
Mayer, Larry A, Brian R Calder, Rick T Brennan, Lindsay Gee, Shep M Smith, Colin Ware, Lee Alexander, et al.. 2003. New Paradigms For Hydrographic Data Processing And Products. International Conference On High-Resolution Survey In Shallow Water (Hrssw). International Conference On High-Resolution Survey In Shallow Water (Hrssw). St. Andrews, New Brunswick, Canada.
Alexander, Lee, and P Klutenaar. 2003. Harmonization Of European And North American Inland Ecdis Standards. International Ecdis Conference. International Ecdis Conference. Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.
Alexander, Lee. 2003. Electronic Charts (Chapter 14). In The American Practical Navigator, 199-215. The American Practical Navigator. Bethesda, MD, USA: National Imaging and Mapping Agency.
PDF icon Alexander_2003_APN_Electronic_charts.pdf (278.37 KB)
Alexander, Lee. 2003. Marine Information Objects (Mio) And Ecdis: Concept And Practice. Underwater Acoustic Measurements: Technologies & Results (Uam). Underwater Acoustic Measurements: Technologies & Results (Uam). Heraklion, Crete, Greece.
PDF icon Alexander_2003_Hydro_MIOs_and_ECDIS_Concept_Practice.pdf (22.15 KB)
Alexander, Lee, and R W Ward. 2003. We Visited For You - 2Nd International Ecdis Conference. Hydro International. Hydro International. Lemmers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Geomatics Information & Trading Center - GITC.
2002
Wells, David E, J Richer, M Santos, P Dare, I Allen, D Wiesenburg, D Dodd, et al.. 2002. Open Access Learning At Sea. Canadian Hydrographic Conference (Chc). Canadian Hydrographic Conference (Chc). Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Alexander, Lee, and D M Smith. 2002. Warship Ecdis And Additional Military Layers (Amls). Ieee Oceans. Ieee Oceans. Biloxi, MS, USA.
Alexander, Lee. 2002. Alternative Uses Of Hydrographic Data. Iho Industry Workshop. Iho Industry Workshop. Monaco, Monaco, Monaco.
Alexander, Lee. 2002. Distribution Options Based On Wend. Electronic Chart Working Group: Gulf of Mexico Hydrographic Commission.
Alexander, Lee. 2002. Chapter 14 - Electronic Charts. In The American Practical Navigator, 9th ed. The American Practical Navigator. Bethesda, MD, USA: National Imaging and Mapping Agency.
Alexander, Lee. 2002. Insiders View-Overcoming A Misperception. Hydro International. Hydro International. Lemmers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Geomatics Information & Trading Center - GITC.
Alexander, Lee, and R W Ward. 2002. Back-Up Arrangements For Ecdis: Different Options And Perspectives. Canadian Hydrographic Conference (Chc). Canadian Hydrographic Conference (Chc). Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Smith, Shep M, Lee Alexander, and Andrew A Armstrong. 2002. The Navigation Surface: A New Database Approach To Creating Multiple Products From High-Density Surveys. International Hydrographic Review. International Hydrographic Review. Lemmers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Geomatics Information & Trading Center - GITC.
Brunt, D, Lee Alexander, and K Barbor. 2002. An Ecdis Lab: Facilitating Electronic Charting For Navy Missions. Canadian Hydrographic Conference (Chc). Canadian Hydrographic Conference (Chc). Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Alexander, Lee. 2002. Harmonizing The Display Of Ecdis And Ais Information. Workshop By National Academy Of Science (Nas). Workshop By National Academy Of Science (Nas). New Orleans, LA, USA.
Alexander, Lee. 2002. Status Of Electronic Charting Standards. Geomatica. Geomatica. Havana, Havana, Cuba.
2001
Alexander, Lee. 2001. Harmonizing Chart And Navigation-Related Information On Ecdis. International Hydrographic Review. International Hydrographic Review. Lemmers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Geomatics Information & Trading Center - GITC.
Alexander, Lee. 2001. Ecdis And Encs: Where Are We Heading?. Caris. Caris. San Diego, CA, USA.
Hecht, H, B Berking, G Buttgenbach, M Jonas, and Lee Alexander. 2001. The Electronic Chart: A Revolution In Marine Navigation. The Electronic Chart: A Revolution In Marine Navigation. The Electronic Chart: A Revolution In Marine Navigation. Lemmers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Geomatics Information & Trading Center - GITC.
Alexander, Lee, and G Buttgenbach. 2001. From High Density Bathymetry To Next Generation Enc. International Conference On High-Resolution Survey In Shallow Water (Hrssw). International Conference On High-Resolution Survey In Shallow Water (Hrssw). Portsmouth, NH, USA.
Alexander, Lee, and Rick T Brennan. 2001. From High-Denisty Bathymetry To Next Generation Enc. International Ecdis Conference. International Ecdis Conference. Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.
Alexander, Lee. 2001. Simultaneous Display Of Chart And Navigation-Related Information. Ais: Maritime Communication In The New Era. Ais: Maritime Communication In The New Era. St. Andrews, New Brunswick, Canada.