Analysis of the Radiated Sound Field of Deep Water Multibeam Echo Sounders for Return Intensity Calibration Using an Underwater Hydrophone Array

TitleAnalysis of the Radiated Sound Field of Deep Water Multibeam Echo Sounders for Return Intensity Calibration Using an Underwater Hydrophone Array
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year2017
AuthorsSmith, MJ, Weber, TC, Mayer, LA, Moretti, D, Lyons, AP, Schmidt, VE
JournalThe Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume142(2)
Pages2731-2731
Date PublishedNovember 16
PublisherAcoustical Society of America

Multibeam echo sounders (MBES) are tools used to gather geophysical information on the seafloor and watercolumn which are important for feature detection, identifying gas seeps, and characterizing the seafloor, among others. At high frequencies (>100 kHz), MBES can be calibrated for their ensonification patterns in test tanks. However, deep water MBES feature long transmit arrays and varying geometries that make tank calibration impractical. The transmit arrays can be over 8m and have a far field range in the hundreds of meters. In addition, these systems use beam steering techniques to segment the swath into multiple sectors to mitigate ship motions, which complicates the radiated pattern and return intensity. This study will better characterize the radiated sound field of deep water MBES for return intensity calibration. A MBES survey was conducted using a Kongsberg EM122 MBES on the SCORE range, a submerged broadband hydrophone array. Hydrophones were spaced ~5 km apart and were continuously recording during the survey. The EM112 is a multisector dual swath system operated at 12 kHz with CW waves. Hydrophone data were analyzed, and the resultant radiated sound field was determined at different distances and angles.

DOI10.1121/1.5014973
Refereed DesignationRefereed
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